Leukemia: Signs, Treatment, and Prevention of the deadly disease

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Leukemia is a cancer of blood caused by the growth of white blood cells in your body. White blood cells protect our body from the invasion of harmful bacteria and other pathogens and control the growth of the abnormal cells. When they don’t function properly, it leads to the growth of unnecessary white blood cells in the body. The excess growth starts to affect the organs and the body becomes unable to fight infections.

Common Symptoms of Leukemia

1. Excessive sweating

2. Lethargy and weakness

3. Sudden weight loss or loss of appetite.

4. Night sweats

5. Shortness of breath.

6. Headaches

7. Pain in the bones

8. Swollen lymph nodes

9. Red spots on the skin

10. Fever or chills

11. Tendency to get bruises or bleeding easily

12. Swollen spleen (pain under the left lower ribs)

13. Frequent infections


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Treatment of Leukemia

Leukemia is either acute (comes on suddenly) or chronic (lasts a long time). Acute leukemia affects adults and children. Chronic leukemia rarely affects children. The treatment of leukemia depends on the type and stage of cancer. The treatment includes chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplantation, biological or immune therapy, and gene therapy.   

Prevention of Leukemia

There is no permanent way to prevent the disease. However, you can do certain things to reduce the risk:

1. Stop Smoking

2. Limit exposure to radiation.

3. Do not have close contact with high-risk chemicals.

4. Eat a healthy diet and exercise to support a strong immune system.

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